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Awards Season

84th Academy Awards: Original Screenplay

NOMINEES

This category was created in 1940 as a separate writing award when Preston Sturges won for The Great McGinty and in 1957 the two categories were combined to reward only the screenplay.

In 2002, the name was altered from “Writing (Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen)” to “Writing (Original Screenplay)”

Woody Allen is nominated this year and is the screenwriter with the most nominations in this category (15).

THE ARTIST

BRIDESMAIDS

MARGIN CALL

MIDNIGHT IN PARIS

A SEPARATION

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Explore previous winners of Best Adapted Screenplay at Wikipedia

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84th Academy Awards: Adapted Screenplay

NOMINEES

This award is given to the writer(s) of a screenplay adapted from another source, which often means a novel, play, short story, or piece of journalism.

Of the two screenplay categories this is the oldest, with the first winner in 1927 being Benjamin Glazer for adapting Austin Strong’s play Seventh Heaven for the screen.

Traditionally movies have always been an adapted art form (i.e. based on another source) so it was not until  1940 that a separate writing award was created for Best Story, then in 1957 those two categories were combined to reward the screenplay.

THE DESCENDANTS

HUGO

THE IDES OF MARCH

MONEYBALL

TINKER TAILOR SOLDIER SPY

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Explore previous winners of Best Adapted Screenplay at Wikipedia

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84th Academy Awards: Sound Mixing

NOMINEES

As this category is closely connected to Sound Editing it is worth checking the nominees there, as they duplicate each other with the exception of Moneyball.

This award generally given to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film.

Normally the engineer will mix 4 main elements: speech (dialogue, ADRvoice-overs etc.), ambiencesound effects and music.

THE GIRL WITH THE DRAGON TATTOO

HUGO

MONEYBALL

TRANSFORMERS: DARK OF THE MOON

WAR HORSE

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Explore previous winners of Best Sound Mixing at Wikipedia

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84th Academy Awards: Sound Editing

NOMINEES

The question that often comes up every year is ‘what is the difference between sound editing and sound mixing’?

In the modern era, sound editing refers to the creation of the overall sound-scape of the film, whilst sound mixing is blending of these elements together to create the final sound mix.

The award is usually received by the Supervising Sound Editors of the film, sometimes accompanied by the sound designers.

As sound in movies has evolved, so has this award, which dates back to 1963.

From that year until 2000, it was adjusted for the sound design of the winning movie, so Best Sound Effects (1963–1967, 1975), Sound Effects Editing (1977, 1981–1999) and  Sound Editing (1979, 2000–present).

The sound mixing category is the one that dates back to the early years of the Oscars.

What’s interesting about sound this year is that some of the nominees (notably Transformers 3 and War Horse) have taken advantage of Dolby’s new 7.1 surround sound.

DRIVE

THE GIRL WITH THE DRAGON TATTOO

HUGO

TRANSFORMERS: DARK OF THE MOON

WAR HORSE

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Explore previous winners of Best Sound Editing at Wikipedia

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84th Academy Awards: Cinematography

NOMINEES

Easily the most interesting technical category this year, as the nominees reflect old school 35mm (War Horse, The Tree of Life), colour celluloid transformed to B&W with digital post-production tools (The Artist), digital 3D (Hugo) and 2D digital (The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo).

When this award began, for the first four years the cinematographer was not named and it wasn’t until 1931 that the current system came in, whereby individuals are listed alongside a film.

When The Garden of Allah (1936, A Star is Born (1937) and Sweethearts (1938) became the first colour films to win Special Achievement Oscars from 1939 until 1966, the award was split between black-and-white and colour.

Since then, the only black-and-white film to win is Schindler’s List (1993).

THE ARTIST

THE GIRL WITH THE DRAGON TATTOO

HUGO

THE TREE OF LIFE

WAR HORSE

Official Oscar site
Explore previous winners of Best Cinematography at Wikipedia